Research Activities

[Ha-Leem Kim,  Heejun Yang, and Prof.  Je-Geun Park] Thermal Hall effects due to topological spin fluctuations in YMnO3 (published in Nature Communications)

January 4, 2024l Hit 383

The thermal Hall effect in magnetic insulators has been considered a powerful method for examining the topological nature of charge-neutral quasiparticles such as magnons. Yet, unlike the kagome system, the triangular lattice has received less attention for studying the thermal Hall effect because the scalar spin chirality cancels out between adjacent triangles. However, such cancellation cannot be perfect if the triangular lattice is distorted. Here, we report that the trimerized triangular lattice of multiferroic hexagonal manganite YMnO3 produces a highly unusual thermal Hall effect under an applied magnetic field. Our theoretical calculations demonstrate that the thermal Hall conductivity is related to the splitting of the otherwise degenerate two chiralities of its 120˚ magnetic structure. Our result is one of the most unusual cases of topological physics due to this broken Z2 symmetry of the chirality in the supposedly paramagnetic state of YMnO3, due to strong topological spin fluctuations with the additional intricacy of a Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction.

Ha-Leem KimTakuma SaitoHeejun YangHiroaki IshizukaMatthew John CoakJun Han LeeHasung SimYoon Seok OhNaoto Nagaosa & Je-Geun Park

Nature Communications volume 15, Article number: 243 (2024)
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-023-44448-9